4 years ago

Crosstalk of Nanosystems Induced Extracellular Vesicles as Promising Tools in Biomedical Applications

Fars K. Alanazi, Gamaleldin I. Harisa, Mohamed M. Badran, Sabry M. Attia


Hybrid vesicles are considered as a bridge between natural nanosystems (NNSs) and artificial nanosystems (ANSs). NNSs are extracellular vesicles (EVs), membranous, bio-formed endogenously, which act as endogenous cargoes, and reflecting cellular dynamics. EVs have cellular tropism, permeate tight junctions, and are non-immunogenic. EVs are used as tools in the development of diagnostic and therapeutic agents. ANSs can induce biogenesis of hybrid vesicles as promising smart diagnostic agents, and innovative drug cargoes. EVs can encapsulate small molecules, macromolecules, and ANSs. The manipulation of EVs during biogenesis was suggested for engineering hybrid EVs. This review article highlights the role of ANSs in the biogenesis of NNSs, and introduces hybrid nanosystems research.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00232-017-0003-x

DOI: 10.1007/s00232-017-0003-x

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