5 years ago

Contrasting sirtuin and PARP activity of selected 2,4,6-trisubstituted benzimidazoles

Contrasting sirtuin and PARP activity of selected 2,4,6-trisubstituted benzimidazoles
Yean Kee Lee, Chee-Onn Leong, Soo Choon Tan, Keng Yoon Yeong, Chin Fei Chee, Noorsaadah Abdul Rahman, Felicia Fei-Lei Chung, Chun-Wai Mai
Both sirtuin and poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) family of enzymes utilize NAD+ as co-substrate. Inhibitors of sirtuins and PARPs are important tools in drug discovery as they are reported to be linked to multiple diseases such as cancer. New potent sirtuin inhibitors (2,4,6-trisubstituted benzimidazole) were discovered from reported PARP inhibitor scaffold. Interestingly, the synthesized compounds have contrasting sirtuin and PARP-1 inhibitory activity. We showed that modification on benzimidazoles may alter their selectivity towards sirtuin or PARP-1 enzymes. This offers an opportunity for further discovery and development of new promising sirtuin inhibitors. Molecular docking studies were carried out to aid the rationalization of these observations. Preliminary antiproliferative studies of selected compounds against nasopharyngeal cancer cells also showed relatively promising results. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. Sirtuin and PARP both use NAD+ as co-substrate. PARP-1 inhibitor can be carefully modified to become potent sirtuin inhibitor.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/cbdd.13072

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