3 years ago

RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Addressing Zika outbreak by a phylogeny-based drug target study

RNA-dependent RNA polymerase: Addressing Zika outbreak by a phylogeny-based drug target study
Preyesh Stephen, Sheng-Xiang Lin
Since the first major outbreak of Zika virus (ZIKV) in 2007, ZIKV is spreading explosively through South and Central America and recent reports in highly populated developing countries alarm the possibility of a more catastrophic outbreak. ZIKV infection in pregnant women leads to embryonic microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome in adults. At present there is limited understanding of the infectious mechanism and no approved therapy has been reported. Despite the withdrawal of public health emergency, the WHO still considers the ZIKV as a highly significant and long-term public health challenge that the situation has to be addressed rapidly. Nonstructural protein 5 (NS5) is essential for capping and replication of viral RNA and comprises a methyltransferase (MTase) and RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) domain. We used molecular modeling to obtain the structure of ZIKV RdRp and by molecular docking and phylogeny analysis we here demonstrate the potential sites for drug screening. Two metal binding sites and an NS3-interacting region in ZIKV RdRp are demonstrated as potential drug screening sites. The docked structures reveal a remarkable degree of conservation at the substrate binding site and the potential drug screening sites. A phylogeny-based approach is provided for an emergency preparedness, where similar class of ligands could target phylogenetically related proteins. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. We used molecular modeling to obtain the structure of ZIKV RdRp and by molecular docking and phylogeny analysis we demonstrated the potential sites for drug screening. Two metal binding sites and an NS3-interacting region in ZIKV RdRp are revealed as potential drug screening sites. A phylogeny-based approach is provided for an emergency preparedness, where similar class of ligands could target phylogenetically related proteins.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/cbdd.13054

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