5 years ago

Accounting for the diversity in stellar environments.

Troels Haugbølle, Åke Nordlund, Michael Küffmeier

Stars and their corresponding protoplanetary disks form in diverse environments. To account for these natural variations, we investigate the formation process around nine solar mass stars with a maximum resolution of 2 AU in a Giant Molecular Cloud of (40 pc)$^3$ in volume by using the adaptive mesh refinement code \ramses. The magnetohydrodynamic simulations reveal that the accretion process is heterogeneous in time, in space, and among protostars of otherwise similar mass. During the first roughly 100 kyr of a protostar evolving to about a solar mass, the accretion rates peak around $10^{-5}$ to $10^{-4}$ M$_{\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$ shortly after its birth, declining with time after that. The different environments also affect the spatial accretion, and infall of material to the star-disk system is mostly through filaments and sheets. Furthermore, the formation and evolution of disks varies significantly from star to star. We interpret the variety in disk formation as a consequence of the differences in the combined effects of magnetic fields and turbulence that may cause differences in the efficiency of magnetic braking, as well as differences in the strength and distribution of specific angular momentum.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.08900

DOI: arXiv:1710.08900v3

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.