4 years ago

Electron-Capture Isotopes could Constrain Cosmic-Ray Propagation Models.

Tsvi Piran, Nir J. Shaviv, David Benyamin

Electron capture (EC) isotopes are known to provide constraints on the low energy behavior of cosmic rays (CRs), such as re-acceleration. Here we study the EC isotopes within the framework of the dynamic spiral-arms CR propagation model in which most of the CR sources reside in the galactic spiral arms. The model was previously used to explain the B/C and sub-Fe/Fe ratios \citep{BoverC,Iron}. We show that the known inconsistency between the $^{49}$Ti/$^{49}$V and $^{51}$V/$^{51}$Cr ratios remains also in the spiral-arms model. On the other hand, unlike the general wisdom in which the isotope ratios depend primarily on reacceleration, we find here that the ratio also depends on the halo size ($z_\mathrm{h}$) and in spiral-arms models also on the time since the last spiral arm passage ($\tau_\mathrm{arm}$). Namely, EC isotopes can in principle provide interesting constraints on the diffusion geometry. However, with the present uncertainties in the lab measurements of both the electron attachment rate and the fragmentation cross-sections, no meaningful constraint can be placed.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1709.01585

DOI: arXiv:1709.01585v2

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.