Negative magnetic eddy diffusivity due to oscillatory $\alpha$-effect.
We study large-scale kinematic dynamo action of steady mirror-antisymmetric flows of incompressible fluid, that involve small spatial scales only, by asymptotic methods of the multiscale stability theory. It turns out that, due to the magnetic $\alpha$-effect in such flows, mean field experiences harmonic oscillations in time on the scale $T_1=\varepsilon t$ without growth or decay. Here $\varepsilon$ is the spatial scale ratio and $t$ is the fast time of the order of the flow turnover time. The interaction of the accompanying fluctuating magnetic field with the flow gives rise to an anisotropic magnetic eddy diffusivity, whose dependence on the direction of the large-scale wave vector generically exhibits a singular behaviour, and thus to negative eddy diffusivity for whichever molecular magnetic diffusivity. Consequently, such flows always act as kinematic dynamos on the time scale $T_2=\varepsilon^2t$. We investigate numerically this dynamo mechanism for two sample flows.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.02390
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