5 years ago

Collinear Spin-density-wave Order and Anisotropic Spin Fluctuations in the Frustrated $J_1$--$J_2$ Chain Magnet NaCuMoO$_4$(OH).

Zenji Hiroi, Kazuhiro Nawa, Makoto Yoshida, Masashi Takigawa, Yoshihiko Okamoto

The phase diagram of the quasi-one-dimensional magnet NaCuMoO$_4$(OH) is established through single-crystal NMR and heat-capacity measurements. The $^{23}$Na and $^1$H NMR experiments indicate a spiral and a collinear spin-density-wave (SDW) order below and above $B_c$ = 1.5-1.8 T, respectively. Moreover, in the paramagnetic state above the SDW transition temperature, the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate $1/T_1$ indicates anisotropic spin fluctuations that have gapped excitations in the transverse spectrum but gapless ones in the longitudinal spectrum. These static and dynamic properties are well described by a theoretical model assuming quasi-one-dimensional chains with competing ferromagnetic nearest-neighbor interactions $J_1$ and antiferromagnetic next-nearest-neighbor interactions $J_2$ ($J_1$-$J_2$ chains). Because of the excellent crystal quality and good one dimensionality, NaCuMoO$_4$(OH) is a promising compound to elucidate the unique physics of the frustrated $J_1$-$J_2$ chain.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03175

DOI: arXiv:1711.03175v1

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