4 years ago

Effects of anisotropy in spin molecular-orbital coupling on effective spin models of trinuclear organometallic complexes.

B. J. Powell, J. Merino, A. C. Jacko, A. L. Khosla

We consider layered decorated honeycomb lattices at two-thirds filling, as realized in some trinuclear organometallic complexes. Localized $S=1$ moments with a single-spin anisotropy emerge from the interplay of Coulomb repulsion and spin molecular-orbit coupling (SMOC). Magnetic anisotropies with bond dependent exchange couplings occur in the honeycomb layers when the direct intracluster exchange and the spin molecular-orbital coupling are both present. We find that the effective spin exchange model within the layers is an XXZ + 120$^\circ$ honeycomb quantum compass model. The intrinsic non-spherical symmetry of the multinuclear complexes leads to very different transverse and longitudinal spin molecular-orbital couplings, which greatly enhances the single-spin and exchange coupling anisotropies. The interlayer coupling is described by a XXZ model with anisotropic biquadratic terms. As the correlation strength increases the systems becomes increasingly one-dimensional. Thus, if the ratio of SMOC to the interlayer hopping is small this stabilizes the Haldane phase. However, as the ratio increases there is a quantum phase transition to the topologically trivial `$D$-phase'. We also predict a quantum phase transition from a Haldane phase to a magnetically ordered phase at sufficiently strong external magnetic fields.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1703.08343

DOI: arXiv:1703.08343v3

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