Electron injection mechanism of direct laser acceleration.
The mechanism of electron injection in direct laser acceleration (DLA) was investigated by means of 3-dimensional (3D) particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations and theoretical analysis. When a ultra-intense laser propagates in a near-critical or relativistically transparent plasma, the longitudinal charge-separation electric field will excite an ion wave. The ion wave modulates the local electric field as a set of potential wells and guides the electrons, located on the edge of the channel, to the central region, where DLA takes place later on. The self-generated azimuthal magnetic field suppresses the injection process by deflecting electrons towards the opposite direction of the laser propagation. This mechanism is complementary to the previous model of DLA, and may inspire new methods to enhance the total charges of accelerated beams and manipulate the electron spectrum.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03476
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