4 years ago

On the super-resolution capacity of imagers using unknown speckle illuminations.

Jérôme Idier, Marc Allain, Simon Labouesse, Sébastien Bourguignon, Penghuan Liu, Anne Sentenac

Speckle based imaging consists of forming a super-resolved reconstruction of an unknown sample from low-resolution images obtained under random inhomogeneous illuminations (speckles). In a blind context where the illuminations are unknown, we study the intrinsic capacity of speckle-based imagers to recover spatial frequencies outside the frequency support of the data, with minimal assumptions about the sample. We demonstrate that, under physically realistic conditions, the covariance of the data has a super-resolution power corresponding to the squared magnitude of the imager point spread function. This theoretical result is important for many practical imaging systems such as acoustic and electromagnetic tomographs, fluorescence and photoacoustic microscopes, or synthetic aperture radar imaging. A numerical validation is presented in the case of fluorescence microscopy.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1512.06260

DOI: arXiv:1512.06260v3

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