4 years ago

Upgrade of the ultracold neutron source at the pulsed reactor TRIGA Mainz.

Christopher Geppert, Bernhard Lauss, Jan Kahlenberg, Norbert Trautmann, Yuri Sobolev, Matthias Kretschmer, Dieter Ries, Werner Heil, Christian Siemensen, Jan Karch, Kim Ulrike Ross, Marcus Beck, Fabian Kories, Tobias Reich, Sergei Karpuk, Nicolas Hild

The performance of the upgraded solid deuterium ultracold neutron source at the pulsed reactor TRIGA Mainz is described. The current configuration stage comprises the installation of a He liquefier to run UCN experiments over long-term periods, the use of stainless steel neutron guides with improved transmission as well as sputter-coated non-magnetic $^{58}$NiMo alloy at the inside walls of the thermal bridge and the converter cup. The UCN yield was measured in a `standard' UCN storage bottle (stainless steel) with a volume of 32 litres outside the biological shield at the experimental area yielding UCN densities of 8.5 /cm$^3$; an increase by a factor of 3.5 compared to the former setup. The measured UCN storage curve is in good agreement with the predictions from a Monte Carlo simulation developed to model the source. The growth and formation of the solid deuterium converter during freeze-out are affected by the ortho/para ratio of the H$_2$ premoderator.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1706.07795

DOI: arXiv:1706.07795v2

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