Modulation instability of lower hybrid waves leading to cusp solitons in electron-positron-ion Thomas Fermi plasma.
Following the idea of three wave resonant interactions of lower hybrid waves it is shown that quantum -modified lower hybrid (QLH) wave in electron positron ion plasma with spatial dispersion can decay into another QLH wave ( where electron and positrons are activated whereas ions remain in the background) and another ultra low frequency QULH (where ions are mobile). Quantum effects like Bohm potential, exchange correlation and Fermi pressure on the lower hybrid wave significantly reshaped the dispersion properties of lower hybrid waves. Later a set of nonlinear Zakharov equations have been derived to consider the formation of QLH wave solitons with the nonlinear contribution coming from the QLH waves. Further, modulational instability of the lower hybrid wave solitons is investigated and consequently it's growth rates are examined for different limiting cases. Since the growth rate associated with the three-wave resonant interaction are generally smaller than the growth associated with the modulational instability, therefore only latter have been investigated. Soliton solutions from the set of coupled Zakharov and NLS equations in the quasi-stationary regime have been studied. Ordinary solitons are attribute of nonlinearity whereas a cusp soliton solution featured by nonlocal nonlinearity have also studied. Such an approach to lower hybrid waves and cusp solitons study in Fermi gas comprising electron positron and ions is new and important. The general results obtained in this quantum plasma theory will have widespread applicability, particularly for processes in high energy plasma-laser interactions set for laboratory astrophysics and solid state plasmas.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03186
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