3 years ago

Synthesis of primaquine glyco-conjugates as potential tissue schizontocidal antimalarial agents

Synthesis of primaquine glyco-conjugates as potential tissue schizontocidal antimalarial agents
Jyoti Bhardwaj, Guru P. Dutta, Chandra S. Azad, Nitya Anand, Anil K. Saxena, Arif J. Siddiqui, Sunil K. Puri, Mridula Saxena
Primaquine (PQ) is the only drug used to prevent relapse of malaria due to P. vivax and P. ovale, by eradicating the dormant liver form of the parasite (hypnozoites). The side-effects associated with PQ limits is uses in treatment of malaria. To overcome the premature oxidative deamination and to increase the life span of drug in the biological system, the novel glyco-conjugates of PQ were synthesized by coupling of primaquine with hexoses in phosphate buffer. The saccharide part of the hybrid molecules thought to direct the drug to the liver, where hypnozoites resides. All the synthesized compounds were fully characterized and evaluated for their radical curative activities. The three compounds viz glucoside (15a), galactoside (15b) and mannoside (15c) with high activity were tested for their activity in rhesus monkeys where the most active compound 15b showed twofold activity (100% radical curative activity at 1.92 mmol/kg) than the standard drug PQ diphosphate (3.861 mmol/kg). It is proposed that results from these studies may be advantageous to develop a new potent tissue schizonticide antimalarial compound. The three compounds viz glucoside (15a), galactoside (15b), and mannoside (15c) with high activity were tested and most active compound 15b showed twofold activity than the standard drug Primaquine diphosphate.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/cbdd.12944

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