Localization physics in graphene Moire superlattices.
Non-trivial Berry phase of graphene leads to unusual quantum correction to the conductivity. Berry phase of $\pi$ in graphene and $2\pi$ in bi-layer graphene is expected to reveal weak anti-localization (WAL) and weak localization (WL), respectively. However, experimentally both WAL and WL have been observed in graphene devices depending on the strength of different scattering mechanisms. Graphene superlattice having multiple Dirac cones is expected to exhibit $\pi$ to $2\pi$ Berry phase transition from primary Dirac cone (PDC) to cloned Dirac cone (CDC). In this letter we present the magnetoconductance study in a hexagonal Boron-nitride (hBN)-graphene moire superlattice. Our result reveal that WAL and WL dominate around the PDC and CDC, respectively. This transition is supported by the quantum oscillation measurements showing a shift of $\pi$ phase from PDC to CDC and corresponding theoretical framework capturing the Berry phase transition. Thus, our studies on localization physics in graphene superlattice pave the way to understand the carrier dynamics at different Dirac points.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.03275
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