Flat bands and compactons in mechanical lattices.
Local configurational symmetry in lattice structures may give rise to stationary, compact solutions, even in the absence of disorder and nonlinearity. These compact solutions are related to the existence of flat dispersion curves (bands). Nonlinearity can destabilize such compactons. One common flat-band-generating system is the 1D cross-stitch model, in which compactons were shown to exist for the photonic lattice with Kerr nonlinearity. The compactons exist there already in the linear regime and are not generally destructed by that nonlinearity. Smooth nonlinearity of this kind does not allow doing a complete stability analysis for this chain. We consider a discrete mechanical system with flat dispersion bands, in which the nonlinearity exists due to impact constraints. There, one can use the concept of the saltation matrix for the analytic construction of the monodromy matrix. Besides, we consider a smooth nonlinear lattice with linearly connected massless boxes, each containing two symmetric anharmonic oscillators. In this model, the flat bands and discrete compactons also readily emerge. This system also permits performing comprehensive stability analysis, at least in the anti-continuum limit, due to the reduced number of degrees-of-freedom. In both systems, there exist two types of localization. The first one is the complete localization, and the second one is the more common exponential localization. The latter type is associated with discrete breathers (DBs). Two principal mechanisms for the loss of stability are revealed. The first one is the possible internal instability of the symmetric and/or antisymmetric solution in the individual unit cell of the chain. One can interpret this instability pattern as internal resonance between the compacton and the DB. The other mechanism is global instability related to resonance of the stationary solution with the propagation frequencies.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1705.07376
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