5 years ago

Ligand–Substrate Dispersion Facilitates the Copper-Catalyzed Hydroamination of Unactivated Olefins

Ligand–Substrate Dispersion Facilitates the Copper-Catalyzed Hydroamination of Unactivated Olefins
Daniel S. Lambrecht, Stephen L. Buchwald, Cheng Fang, Yang Yang, Peng Liu, Richard Y. Liu, Gang Lu
The current understanding of ligand effects in transition metal catalysis is mostly based on the analysis of catalyst–substrate through-bond and through-space interactions, with the latter commonly considered to be repulsive in nature. The dispersion interaction between the ligand and the substrate, a ubiquitous type of attractive noncovalent interaction, is seldom accounted for in the context of transition-metal-catalyzed transformations. Herein we report a computational model to quantitatively analyze the effects of different types of catalyst–substrate interactions on reactivity. Using this model, we show that in the copper(I) hydride (CuH)-catalyzed hydroamination of unactivated olefins, the substantially enhanced reactivity of copper catalysts based on bulky bidentate phosphine ligands originates from the attractive ligand–substrate dispersion interaction. These computational findings are validated by kinetic studies across a range of hydroamination reactions using structurally diverse phosphine ligands, revealing the critical role of bulky P-aryl groups in facilitating this process.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b07373

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b07373

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.