5 years ago

Using a Specific RNA–Protein Interaction To Quench the Fluorescent RNA Spinach

Using a Specific RNA–Protein Interaction To Quench the Fluorescent RNA Spinach
Sebastian Kollenda, Sven Hennig, Laura Roszyk
RNAs are involved in interaction networks with other biomolecules and are crucial for proper cell function. Yet their biochemical analysis remains challenging. For Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET), a common tool to study such interaction networks, two interacting molecules have to be fluorescently labeled. “Spinach” is a genetically encodable RNA aptamer that starts to fluoresce upon binding of an organic molecule. Therefore, it is a biological fluorophore tag for RNAs. However, spinach has never been used in a FRET assembly before. Here, we describe how spinach is quenched when close to acceptors. We used RNA–DNA hybridization to bring quenchers or red organic dyes in close proximity to spinach. Furthermore, we investigate RNA–protein interactions quantitatively on the example of Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage coat protein 7 (PP7) and its interacting pp7-RNA. We utilize spinach quenching as a fully genetically encodable system even under lysate conditions. Therefore, this work represents a direct method to analyze RNA–protein interactions by quenching the spinach aptamer.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschembio.7b00332

DOI: 10.1021/acschembio.7b00332

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