4 years ago

Molecular Materials for Nonaqueous Flow Batteries with a High Coulombic Efficiency and Stable Cycling

Molecular Materials for Nonaqueous Flow Batteries with a High Coulombic Efficiency and Stable Cycling
Qian Cheng, Raúl Hernández Sánchez, Colin Nuckolls, Thomas J. Sisto, Margarita Milton, Yuan Yang
This manuscript presents a working redox battery in organic media that possesses remarkable cycling stability. The redox molecules have a solubility over 1 mol electrons/liter, and a cell with 0.4 M electron concentration is demonstrated with steady performance >450 cycles (>74 days). Such a concentration is among the highest values reported in redox flow batteries with organic electrolytes. The average Coulombic efficiency of this cell during cycling is 99.868%. The stability of the cell approaches the level necessary for a long lifetime nonaqueous redox flow battery. For the membrane, we employ a low cost size exclusion cellulose membrane. With this membrane, we couple the preparation of nanoscale macromolecular electrolytes to successfully avoid active material crossover. We show that this cellulose-based membrane can support high voltages in excess of 3 V and extreme temperatures (−20 to 110 °C). These extremes in temperature and voltage are not possible with aqueous systems. Most importantly, the nanoscale macromolecular platforms we present here for our electrolytes can be readily tuned through derivatization to realize the promise of organic redox flow batteries.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b04131

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b04131

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