4 years ago

An All-Silk-Derived Dual-Mode E-skin for Simultaneous Temperature–Pressure Detection

An All-Silk-Derived Dual-Mode E-skin for Simultaneous Temperature–Pressure Detection
Mingchao Zhang, Kailun Xia, Yingying Zhang, Muqiang Jian, Chunya Wang
Flexible skin-mimicking electronics are highly desired for development of smart human–machine interfaces and wearable human-health monitors. Human skins are able to simultaneously detect different information, such as touch, friction, temperature, and humidity. However, due to the mutual interferences of sensors with different functions, it is still a big challenge to fabricate multifunctional electronic skins (E-skins). Herein, a combo temperature–pressure E-skin is reported through assembling a temperature sensor and a strain sensor in both of which flexible and transparent silk-nanofiber-derived carbon fiber membranes (SilkCFM) are used as the active material. The temperature sensor presents high temperature sensitivity of 0.81% per centigrade. The strain sensor shows an extremely high sensitivity with a gauge factor of ∼8350 at 50% strain, enabling the detection of subtle pressure stimuli that induce local strain. Importantly, the structure of the SilkCFM in each sensor is designed to be passive to other stimuli, enabling the integrated E-skin to precisely detect temperature and pressure at the same time. It is demonstrated that the E-skin can detect and distinguish exhaling, finger pressing, and spatial distribution of temperature and pressure, which cannot be realized using single mode sensors. The remarkable performance of the silk-based combo temperature–pressure sensor, together with its green and large-scalable fabrication process, promising its applications in human–machine interfaces and soft electronics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b13356

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b13356

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