4 years ago

Two-Dimensional Porous Sandwich-Like C/Si–Graphene–Si/C Nanosheets for Superior Lithium Storage

Two-Dimensional Porous Sandwich-Like C/Si–Graphene–Si/C Nanosheets for Superior Lithium Storage
Shubin Yang, Yanli Wang, Weiqi Yao, Liang Zhan, Jie Chen
A novel two-dimensional porous sandwich-like Si/carbon nanosheet is designed and successfully fabricated as an anode for superior lithium storage, where a porous Si nanofilm grows on the two sides of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and is then coated with a carbon layer (denoted as C/Si–rGO–Si/C). The coexistence of micropores and mesopores in C/Si–rGO–Si/C nanosheets offers a rapid Li+ diffusion rate, and the porous Si provides a short pathway for electric transportation. Meanwhile, the coated carbon layer not only can promote to form a stable SEI layer, but also can improve the electric conductivity of nanoscale Si coupled with rGO. Thus, the unique nanostructures offer the resultant C/Si–rGO–Si/C electrode with high reversible capacity (1187 mA h g–1 after 200 cycles at 0.2 A g–1), excellent cycle stability (894 mA h g–1 after 1000 cycles at 1 A g–1), and high rate capability (694 mA h g–1 at 5 A g–1, 447 mA h g–1 at 10 A g–1).

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b11721

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b11721

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