5 years ago

Micro-Intertexture Carbon-Free Iron Sulfides as Advanced High Tap Density Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries

Micro-Intertexture Carbon-Free Iron Sulfides as Advanced High Tap Density Anodes for Rechargeable Batteries
Jang-Yeon Hwang, Yang-Kook Sun, Ying Xiao
Numerous materials have been considered as promising electrode materials for rechargeable batteries; however, developing efficient materials to achieving good cycling performance and high volumetric energy capacity simultaneously remains a great challenge. Considering the appealing properties of iron sulfides, which include low cost, high theoretical capacity, and favorable electrochemical conversion mechanism, in this work, we demonstrate the feasibility of carbon-free microscale Fe1–xS as high-efficiency anode materials for rechargeable batteries by designing hierarchical intertexture architecture. The as-prepared intertexture Fe1–xS microspheres constructed from nanoscale units take advantage of both the long cycle life of nanoscale units and the high tap density (1.13 g cm–3) of the micro-intertexture Fe1–xS. As a result, high capacities of 1089.2 mA h g–1 (1230.8 mA h cm–3) and 624.7 mA h g–1 (705.9 mA h cm–3) were obtained after 100 cycles at 1 A g–1 in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, respectively, demonstrating one of the best performances for iron sulfide-based electrodes. Even after deep cycling at 20 A g–1, satisfactory capacities could be retained. Related results promote the practical application of metal sulfides as high-capacity electrodes with high rate capability for next-generation rechargeable batteries.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b13239

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b13239

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