5 years ago

Tannic Acid/Fe3+/Ag Nanofilm Exhibiting Superior Photodynamic and Physical Antibacterial Activity

Tannic Acid/Fe3+/Ag Nanofilm Exhibiting Superior Photodynamic and Physical Antibacterial Activity
Ziqiang Xu, Zhenduo Cui, Xianjin Yang, Paul K. Chu, Kelvin Wai Kwok Yeung, Xiangmei Liu, Shuilin Wu, Jonathan Chiyuen Chung, Xiuhua Wang
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) enwrapped in the biologically safe tannic acid (TA)/Fe3+ nanofilm are synthesized by an ultrafast, green, simple, and universal method. The physical antibacterial activity and photodynamic antibacterial therapy (PAT) efficacy of the TA/Fe3+/AgNPs nanofilm were investigated for the first time, which exhibited a strong physical antibacterial activity as well as great biocompatibility, through in vitro and in vivo studies. The results disclosed that this hybrid coating could possess high PAT capabilities upon irradiation under a visible light of 660 nm, which is longer than those of previously reported green and blue sensitization light, thus allowing deeper light penetration into biological tissues. Electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra proved that the PAT efficacy of the TA/Fe3+/AgNPs nanofilm was associated with the yields of singlet oxygen (1O2) under the irradiation of visible light (660 nm). A higher PAT efficiency of 100 and 94% against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus could be achieved within 20 min of illumination under 660 nm visible light, whereas the innate physical antibacterial activity of AgNPs could endow the implants with long-term prevention of bacterial infection. The mechanism of PAT may be associated with the formation of oxidative stress and oxidative damage to key biomolecules (proteins and lipids) in bacteria. Our results reveal that the synergistic action of both PAT and physical action of AgNPs in this hybrid nanofilm is an effective way to inactivate bacteria, with minimal side effects.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b10818

DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b10818

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