5 years ago

Linear Tunability of the Band Gap and Two-Dimensional (2D) to Three-Dimensional (3D) Isostructural Transition in WSe2 under High Pressure

Linear Tunability of the Band Gap and Two-Dimensional (2D) to Three-Dimensional (3D) Isostructural Transition in WSe2 under High Pressure
Qing Dong, Ran Liu, Tian Cui, Xigui Yang, Zhou Guan, Huafang Zhang, Quanjun Li, Xin Ma, Pengfei Shen, Bo Liu, Bingbing Liu
Transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have recently gained tremendous interest for use in electronic and optoelectronic applications. Unfortunately, the electronic structure or band gap of most TMDs shows noncontinuously tunable characteristics, which limits their application to energy-variable optoelectronics. Thus, layered materials with better tunability in their electronic structures and band gaps are desired. Herein, we experimentally demonstrated that layered WSe2 possessed highly tunable transport properties under various pressures, with a linearly decreasing band gap that culminates in metallization. Pressure tuned the band gap of WSe2 linearly, at a rate of 25 meV/GPa. The high tunability of WSe2 was attributed to the larger electron orbitals of W2+ and Se2– in WSe2 compared to the Mo2+ and S2– in MoS2. WSe2 underwent an isostructural phase transition from a 2D layered structure to a 3D structure at approximately 51.7 GPa, where a conversion from van der Waals (vdW) to covalent-like bonding was observed in the valence electron localization function (ELF). Our results present an important advance toward controlling the band structure of layered materials and suggest significant implications for energy-variable optoelectronic devices via pressure engineering.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b10280

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b10280

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