4 years ago

Rapid Screening of Oxygen States in Carbon Quantum Dots by Chemiluminescence Probe

Rapid Screening of Oxygen States in Carbon Quantum Dots by Chemiluminescence Probe
Shaoqing Dong, Yanjun Lin, Chao Lu, Lijuan Zhang, Zhiqin Yuan
The oxygen states (O-states) of carbon quantum dots (CDs) play an important role, with regard to their optical properties and analytical applications. However, the rapid screening of O-states in CDs is still a great challenge, because of the complicated surface composition. In this study, it is found that the chemiluminescence (CL) intensity of prepared CDs in the presence of peroxynitrite (ONOO) is proportional to the content of C–O group-related O-states. The related mechanism discloses that the O-state-dependent CL is due to the fact that abundant C–O functional groups in CDs with high O-states could facilitate the electron transfer of the produced smaller energy gaps for strong CL emission. Hence, ONOO-induced CL can be utilized as a facile probe for the rapid screening of O-states in CDs with some advantages, such as rapid response, low cost, and easy operation. Its practicability is verified by detecting the CL of phosphorus-doped CDs with variable phosphorus-doping contents. The content of C–O group-related O-states in sulfur-/phosphorus-doped CDs measured by the proposed CL probe is consistent with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) characterization. This strategy can also be extended to distinguish O-states in different types of nanoparticles by tuning the CL probe molecules.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03711

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b03711

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