5 years ago

Colloidal Silicon–Germanium Nanorod Heterostructures

Colloidal Silicon–Germanium Nanorod Heterostructures
Xiaotang Lu, Brian A. Korgel, María de la Mata, Jordi Arbiol
Colloidal nanorods with axial Si and Ge heterojunction segments were produced by solution–liquid–solid (SLS) growth using Sn as a seed metal and trisilane and diphenylgermane as Si and Ge reactants. The low solubility of Si and Ge in Sn helps to generate abrupt Si–Ge heterojunction interfaces. To control the composition of the nanorods, it was also necessary to limit an undesired side reaction between the Ge reaction byproduct tetraphenylgermane and trisilane. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy reveals that the Si–Ge interfaces are epitaxial, which gives rise to a significant amount of bond strain resulting in interfacial misfit dislocations that nucleate stacking faults in the nanorods.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03868

DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b03868

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