4 years ago

Translational control of a human CDKN1A mRNA splice variant regulates the fate of UVB-irradiated human keratinocytes.

Ronald C Wek, Dan F Spandau, Ann E Collier
In response to sublethal UVB irradiation, human keratinocytes transiently block progression of the cell cycle to allow ample time for DNA repair and cell fate determination. These cellular activities are important for evading the initiation of carcinogenesis in skin. Central to these processes is the repression of initiation of mRNA translation through GCN2 phosphorylation of eIF2α (eIF2α-P). Concurrent with reduced global protein synthesis, eIF2α-P and the accompanying Integrated stress response (ISR) selectively enhance translation of mRNAs involved in stress adaptation. In this study, we elucidated a mechanism for eIF2α-P cytoprotection in response to UVB in human keratinocytes. Loss of eIF2α-P induced by UVB diminished G1 arrest, DNA repair, and cellular senescence coincident with enhanced cell death in human keratinocytes. Genome-wide analysis of translation revealed that the mechanism for these critical adaptive responses by eIF2α-P involved induced expression of CDKN1A encoding the p21 (CIP1/WAF1) protein. We further show that human CDKN1A mRNA splice variant 4 is preferentially translated following stress-induced eIF2α-P by a mechanism mediated in part by upstream ORFs situated in the 5'-leader of CDKN1A mRNA. We conclude that eIF2α-P is cytoprotective in response to UVB by a mechanism featuring translation of a specific splice variant of CDKN1A that facilitates G1 arrest and subsequent DNA repair.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E17-06-0362

DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E17-06-0362

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.