4 years ago

Golgi stress-induced transcriptional changes mediated by MAPK signaling and three ETS transcription factors regulate MCL1 splicing.

Hamed Alborzinia, Mathieu Gendarme, Sridhar R Chirasani, Kyra Kuhnigk, Jan Baumann, Valentin Kramer, Silvia Ramírez-Peinado, Tatiana I Ignashkova, Jan H Reiling, Ralph K Lindemann
The secretory pathway is a major determinant of cellular homoeostasis. While research into secretory stress signaling has so far mostly focused on the ER, emerging data suggests that the Golgi itself serves as an important signaling hub capable of initiating stress responses. To systematically identify novel Golgi stress mediators, we performed a transcriptomic analysis of cells exposed to three different pharmacological compounds known to elicit Golgi fragmentation: brefeldin A (BFA), golgicide A (GCA) and monensin (MON). Subsequent gene set enrichment analysis revealed a significant contribution of the ETS family transcription factors ELK1, GABPA/B and ETS1 to the control of gene expression following compound treatment. Induction of Golgi stress leads to a late activation of the ETS upstream kinases MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 resulting in enhanced ETS factor activity and the transcription of ETS-family target genes related to spliceosome function and cell death induction via alternate MCL1 splicing. Further genetic analyses using loss- as well as gain-of-function experiments suggest that these transcription factors operate in parallel.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1091/mbc.E17-06-0418

DOI: 10.1091/mbc.E17-06-0418

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