5 years ago

Proteomic Analyses of Cysteine Redox in High-Fat-Fed and Fasted Mouse Livers: Implications for Liver Metabolic Homeostasis

Proteomic Analyses of Cysteine Redox in High-Fat-Fed and Fasted Mouse Livers: Implications for Liver Metabolic Homeostasis
Lei Zhou, Xilong Wu, Zupeng Luo, Shuhong Zhao, Jun Zhu, Kai Yu, Zhiwang Zhang, Yixing Li, Yi Jin
Intensive oxidative stress occurs during high-fat-diet-induced hepatic fat deposition, suggesting a critical role for redox signaling in liver metabolism. Intriguingly, evidence shows that fasting could also result in redox-profile changes largely through reduced oxidant or increased antioxidant levels. However, a comprehensive landscape of redox-modified hepatic substrates is lacking, thereby hindering our understanding of liver metabolic homeostasis. We employed a proteomic approach combining iodoacetyl tandem mass tag and nanoliquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry to quantitatively probe the effects of high-fat feeding and fasting on in vivo redox-based cysteine modifications. Compared with control groups, ∼60% of cysteine residues exhibited downregulated oxidation ratios by fasting, whereas ∼94% of these ratios were upregulated by high-fat feeding. Importantly, in fasted livers, proteins exhibiting diminished cysteine oxidation were annotated in pathways associated with fatty acid metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, insulin, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, and oxidative respiratory chain signaling, suggesting that fasting-induced redox changes targeted major metabolic pathways and consequently resulted in hepatic lipid accumulation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00431

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.7b00431

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