5 years ago

Dielectric Polarization of a High-Energy Density Graphite Anode and Its Physicochemical Effect on Li-Ion Batteries

Dielectric Polarization of a High-Energy Density Graphite Anode and Its Physicochemical Effect on Li-Ion Batteries
Taeseup Song, Ungyu Paik, Hyunjung Park, Donghyeok Shin
The high energy density graphite anode for the commercial LIBs has critical problems on Li+-ion kinetics due to decreases both in electrode porosity and electrolyte permeability. To overcome issues, interfaces of graphite particles in the anode are polarized using poly(vinylidene fluoride)-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) with the high dielectric constant (ε = 8.4), high solubility with lithium salt, and ability to trap a large amount of liquid electrolyte. The PVDF-HFP treatment promoted electrolyte permeability into the graphite electrode with a high mass loading of 13.8 mg cm–2 and a density of 1.7 g cc–1 (a current density over 5 mA cm–2) which particularly leads to an improvement of capacity retention from 77% of a bare electrode to 95% over 40 cycles. These achievements were attributed not only to the enhancement of the lithium-ion kinetics but also to the stable formation of a solid electrolyte interface (SEI) layer on the graphite surface.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.iecr.7b03797

DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.7b03797

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.