4 years ago

Can System Truncation Speed up Ligand-Binding Calculations with Periodic Free-Energy Simulations?

Can System Truncation Speed up Ligand-Binding Calculations with Periodic Free-Energy Simulations?
Ulf Ryde, Jon Uranga, Samuel Genheden, Francesco Manzoni
We have investigated whether alchemical free-energy perturbation calculations of relative binding energies can be sped up by simulating a truncated protein. Previous studies with spherical nonperiodic systems showed that the number of simulated atoms could be reduced by a factor of 26 without affecting the calculated binding free energies by more than 0.5 kJ/mol on average (Genheden, S.; Ryde, U. J. Chem. Theory Comput. 2012, 8, 1449), leading to a 63-fold decrease in the time consumption. However, such simulations are rather slow, owing to the need of a large cutoff radius for the nonbonded interactions. Periodic simulations with the electrostatics treated by Ewald summation are much faster. Therefore, we have investigated if a similar speed-up can be obtained also for periodic simulations. Unfortunately, our results show that it is harder to truncate periodic systems and that the truncation errors are larger for these systems. In particular, residues need to be removed from the calculations, which means that atoms have to be restrained to avoid that they move in an unrealistic manner. The results strongly depend on the strength on this restraint. For the binding of seven ligands to dihydrofolate reductase and ten inhibitors of blood-clotting factor Xa, the best results are obtained with a small restraining force constant. However, the truncation errors were still significant (e.g., 1.5–2.9 kJ/mol at a truncation radius of 10 Å). Moreover, the gain in computer time was only modest. On the other hand, if the snapshots are truncated after the MD simulations, the truncation errors are small (below 0.9 kJ/mol even for a truncation radius of 10 Å). This indicates that postprocessing with a more accurate energy function (e.g., with quantum chemistry) on truncated snapshots may be a viable approach.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00324

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jcim.7b00324

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.