4 years ago

Identification of atopic dermatitis subgroups in children from two longitudinal birth cohorts

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a prevalent disease with variable natural history. Longitudinal birth cohort studies provide an opportunity to define subgroups based on disease trajectories, which may represent different genetic and environmental pathomechanisms. Objective To investigate the existence of distinct longitudinal phenotypes of AD and test whether these findings are reproducible in two independent cohorts. Methods The presence of AD was examined in two birth cohort studies including 9,894 children from the UK (ALSPAC) and 3,652 from the Netherlands (PIAMA). AD was defined by parental report of a typical itchy and/or flexural rash. Longitudinal latent class analysis was used to investigate patterns of AD from birth to the age of 11 to 16 years. We investigated associations with known AD risk factors, including FLG null mutations, 23 other established AD-genetic risk variants and atopic comorbidity. Results Six latent classes were identified, representing subphenotypes of AD, with remarkable consistency between the two cohorts. The most prevalent class was early-onset-early-resolving AD, which was associated with male gender. Two classes of persistent disease were identified (early-onset-persistent and early-onset-late-resolving); these were most strongly associated with the AD-genetic risk score as well as personal and parental history of atopic disease. A yet unrecognised class of mid-onset-resolving AD, not associated with FLG mutations, but strongly associated with asthma, was identified. Conclusion Six classes based on temporal trajectories of rash were consistently identified in two population-based cohorts. The differing risk factor profiles and diverse prognoses demonstrate the potential importance of a stratified medicine approach for AD. Clinical Implications Atopic dermatitis ranges from a transient condition to lifelong morbidity. This study has identified distinct subphenotypes of atopic dermatitis in children, which could indicate the importance of a stratified approach to management of this complex disease.


Longitudinal latent class analysis models the course of disease subsets over time. Atopic dermatitis in childhood shows diversity in risk factors, prognoses and comorbidities. This study demonstrates robust subphenotypes of AD in two population cohorts.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0091674917317396

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.