4 years ago

Injectable Network Biomaterials via Molecular or Colloidal Self-Assembly

Injectable Network Biomaterials via Molecular or Colloidal Self-Assembly
Self-assembly is a powerful tool to create functional materials. A specific application for which self-assembled materials are ideally suited is in creating injectable biomaterials. Contrasting with traditional biomaterials that are implanted through surgical means, injecting biomaterials through the skin offers numerous advantages, expanding the scope and impact for biomaterials in medicine. In particular, self-assembled biomaterials prepared from molecular or colloidal interactions have been frequently explored. The strategies to create these materials are varied, taking advantage of engineered oligopeptides, proteins, and nanoparticles as well as affinity-mediated crosslinking of synthetic precursors. Self-assembled materials typically facilitate injectability through two different mechanisms: i) in situ self-assembly, whereby materials would be administered in a monomeric or oligomeric form and self-assemble in response to some physiologic stimulus, or ii) self-assembled materials that, by virtue of their dynamic, non-covalent interactions, shear-thin and self-heal to facilitate flow within a syringe and subsequent reassembly of material form at the injection site. Indeed, many classes of materials are capable of being injected using a combination of these two mechanisms. Particular utility has been noted for self-assembled biomaterials in the context of tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, drug delivery, and immunoengineering. Given the controlled and multifunctional nature of many self-assembled materials demonstrated to date, we project a future where injectable self-assembled biomaterials afford improved practice in advancing healthcare.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0169409X17302521

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