4 years ago

Contrast enhanced ultrasound identifies hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis: a large multicenter retrospective study

Contrast enhanced ultrasound identifies hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis: a large multicenter retrospective study
The use of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for the diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis was questioned for the risk of false positive diagnosis in case of cholangiocarcinoma. The American College of Radiology has recently released a scheme (CEUS LI-RADS) classifying lesions at risk for HCC investigated by CEUS. Aim of the present study was to validate this LI-RADS scheme for the diagnosis of HCC. Methods A total of 1006 nodules in 848 patients with chronic liver disease at risk for HCC collected in 5 Italian centers were retrospectively analyzed. Nodules were classified as LR-5, (HCC) if ≥ 1 cm with arterial phase hyperenhancement, and late washout (onset ≥60 seconds after contrast injection) of mild degree. Rim enhancement and/or early and/or marked washout qualified lesions as LR-M (malignant, but not specific for HCC). Other combinations qualified lesions at intermediate risk for HCC (LR-3) or probable HCC (LR-4). Diagnostic reference standard was CT/MRI diagnosis of HCC (=506) or histology (n=500). Results Median size was 2 cm. Of 1006 nodules, HCC were 820 (81%), cholangiocarcinoma 40 (4%), regenerative nodules (±dysplastic) 116 (11%). The LR-5 category (52% of all nodules) was 98.5% predictive of HCC, with no risk of misdiagnosis for pure cholangiocarcinoma. Sensitivity for HCC was 62%. All LR-M nodules were malignant and the majority of non-hepatocellular origin. Over 75% of cholangiocarcinomas were LR-M. The LR-3 category included 203 lesions (HCC 96=47%) and the LR-4 202 (HCC 173=87%). Conclusions The CEUS LI-RADS class LR-5 is highly specific for HCC, enabling its use for a confident non invasive diagnosis. LAY SUMMARY A retrospective study of approximately 1000 focal lesions at risk for HCC, demonstrates that the refined definition of the typical contrast enhanced ultrasound pattern of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) introduced by the Liver Imaging Reporting and Data System (LI RADS) practically abolishes the risk of misdiagnosis of other malignant entities (e.g. cholangiocellular carcinoma) for HCC with negligible reduction in sensitivity. These data support the use of contrast enhanced ultrasound to diagnose hepatocellular carcinoma in cirrhosis.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0168827817324285

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.