4 years ago

Human Primary Macrophages Derived In Vitro from Circulating Monocytes Comprise Adherent and Non-Adherent Subsets with Differential Expression of Siglec-1 and CD4 and Permissiveness to HIV-1 Infection.

Ousman Jobe, Nelson L Michael, Sayali Onkar, Carl R Alving, Jiae Kim, Mangala Rao, Eric Tycksen
Macrophages are a major target for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. However, macrophages are largely heterogeneous and may exhibit differences in permissiveness to HIV-1 infection. This study highlights the interplay of macrophage heterogeneity in HIV-1 pathogenesis. We show that monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) could be divided into two distinct subsets: CD14(+)Siglec-1(hi)CD4(+) (non-adherent MDM) and CD14(+)Siglec-1(Lo)CD4(-) (adherent MDM). The CD14(+)Siglec-1(hi)CD4(+)MDM subset represented the smaller proportion in the macrophage pool, and varied among different donors. Fractionation and subsequent exposure of the two MDM subsets to HIV-1 revealed opposite outcomes in terms of HIV-1 capture and infection. Although the CD14(+)Siglec-1(hi)CD4(+)MDM captured significantly more HIV-1, infection was significantly higher in the CD14(+)Siglec-1(Lo)CD4(-)MDM subset. Thus, CD14(+)Siglec-1(hi)CD4(+)MDM were less permissive to infection. Depletion of CD14(+)Siglec-1(hi)CD4(+)MDM or a decrease in their percentage, resulted in increased infection of MDM, suggestive of a capacity of these cells to capture and sequester HIV-1 in an environment that hinders its infectivity. Increased expression of innate restriction factors and cytokine genes were observed in the non-adherent CD14(+)Siglec-1(hi)CD4(+)MDM, both before and after HIV-1 infection, compared to the adherent CD14(+)Siglec-1(Lo)CD4(-)MDM. We speculate that the differential expression of gene expression profiles in the two macrophage subsets may provide an explanation for the differences observed in HIV-1 infectivity.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3389/fimmu.2017.01352

DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2017.01352

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