5 years ago

Weight Status and Cigarette and Electronic Cigarette Use in Adolescents

Research shows that adolescents who are overweight or obese may be at greater risk of cigarette smoking, and that this relationship may vary by gender. However, this relationship is understudied for electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Given the high rate of adolescent obesity and the rise in e-cigarette use in adolescents, this relationship should be investigated. Methods Data are from the third wave (collected October 2015–January 2016) of the Texas Adolescent Tobacco and Marketing Surveillance system. Students were in the seventh, ninth, and 11th grades (n=2,733) from five counties surrounding four major Texas metropolitan areas (Houston, Austin, San Antonio, Dallas). Weighted logistic regression was used to determine if weight status (healthy weight, overweight, or obese) was correlated with ever and past 30–day cigarette or e-cigarette use, controlling for sociodemographics. Models were stratified by gender. Data analyses were conducted in March 2017. Results Compared with healthy-weight boys, obese boys had higher odds of past 30–day e-cigarette use (AOR=3.45, 95% CI=1.34, 8.33) and cigarette smoking (AOR=4.52, 95% CI=1.32, 15.51). There was no significant relationship between weight status and cigarette or e-cigarette use in girls. Conclusions This study supports that there is a positive relationship between weight status and past 30–day cigarette and e-cigarette use for boys, but that there is no association for girls.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0749379717304981

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