4 years ago

Utilizing Biotinylated Proteins Expressed in Yeast to Visualize DNA-Protein Interactions at the Single-Molecule Level.

Xin Xu, Xiuqiang Chen, Yuanyuan Bei, Zhengyan Zhan, Yu V Fu, Huijun Xue
Much of our knowledge in conventional biochemistry has derived from bulk assays. However, many stochastic processes and transient intermediates are hidden when averaged over the ensemble. The powerful technique of single-molecule fluorescence microscopy has made great contributions to the understanding of life processes that are inaccessible when using traditional approaches. In single-molecule studies, quantum dots (Qdots) have several unique advantages over other fluorescent probes, such as high brightness, extremely high photostability, and large Stokes shift, thus allowing long-time observation and improved signal-to-noise ratios. So far, however, there is no convenient way to label proteins purified from budding yeast with Qdots. Based on BirA-Avi and biotin-streptavidin systems, we have established a simple method to acquire a Qdot-labeled protein and visualize its interaction with DNA using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy. For proof-of-concept, we chose replication protein A (RPA) and origin recognition complex (ORC) as the proteins of interest. Proteins were purified from budding yeast with high biotinylation efficiency and rapidly labeled with streptavidin-coated Qdots. Interactions between proteins and DNA were observed successfully at the single-molecule level.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.02062

DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02062

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