4 years ago

Efficient adsorption of Selenium(IV) from water by hematite modified magnetic nanoparticles

Efficient adsorption of Selenium(IV) from water by hematite modified magnetic nanoparticles
Selenium (Se) could enter the environment through different anthropogenic sources, posing potential health risk. The removal of trace Se(IV) from water by hematite coated magnetic nanoparticle (MNP@hematite) under different solution conditions was investigated through batch experiments. The adsorption capacity of Se(IV) by MNP@hematite was 25.0 mg/g.100 μg/L of Se(IV) could be rapidly decreased to below 10 μg/L by 0.1 g/L of MNP@hematite in 10 min. MNP@hematite could effectively remove Se(IV) in a wide pH range from 4 to 9. Se(IV) could form inner-sphere complex with MNP@hematite. Thus, the presence of chloride, nitrate, and sulfate (concentration of each anions <10 mM) did not affect the removal of Se(IV); whereas, carbonate (10 mM), silicate (1 mM), and phosphate (0.1 mM) yet reduced the adsorption efficiency by competing adsorption sites. Humic acid and alginate (up to 6 mg/L) did not have obviously influence on the removal of Se(IV). MNP@hematite particles were able to simultaneously remove Se(IV) and Sb(III) at trace level very efficiently in 10 min. The magnetic adsorbent can be easily recycled and regenerated in 10 mM NaOH for 15 min. In five consecutive cycles, the adsorption and desorption efficiencies were over 97% and 82%, respectively. MNP@hematite could be employed as effective adsorbent for Se(IV) removal from water.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0045653517317654

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