4 years ago

Heavy metal distribution in Tiaoxi River’s sediment

Libin Xu, Jinan Wu, Binghui Zheng, Zhiyou Fu, Xiangling Li, Shaoyong Lu, Fengchang Wu, Xiaochun Guo, Qi He


According to current study, seven surface sediments and three sediment cores were collected from three typical areas of Tiaoxi River, which were living area, agricultural area, and industrial area. The water quantity into the Lake Taihu from the Tiaoxi River accounted for almost one third of the total water quantity by all rivers into the Lake Taihu. To study geochemical features and pollution history of heavy metals in three typical areas of Tiaoxi River, total content and chemical fractionations of Cu, Pb, Cd, Cr, Mn, Zn, Fe, As, and Hg were analyzed for surface and core sediments using the speciation extraction procedure, proposed by the Commission of the European Communities Bureau of Reference (BCR), together with grain size and organic carbon measurements. The results showed that the concentration of nine heavy metals and the variation characteristics of Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, and Cr are different among five cores, which has shown that the river responses to natural and anthropogenic activities were dissimilar in various areas. BCR sequential extraction showed contents of Cr, Fe, and Cu were dominated in the remaining parts. Non-residual fractions for Zn and Mn contained major portions. Based on RAC (risk assessment core), the risk of Mn was high to very high in the three typical areas, and the risk of Zn was medium in the three typical areas.

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11356-017-0332-4

DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0332-4

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