5 years ago

Mineral textural evolution and PT-path of relict eclogite-facies rocks in the Paleoproterozoic Nagssugtoqidian Orogen, South-East Greenland

The Nagssugtoqidian Orogen in South-East Greenland is a deeply eroded, Paleoproterozoic collision orogen. It consists of a variety of Archean and Paleoproterozoic rocks, most notably TTG gneiss, a variety of supracrustal rocks and basic dykes. This study aims at providing new insight into the geodynamic processes and subduction depth of this orogen by investigating the metamorphic evolution of garnet pyroxenite, retrogressed eclogite and amphibolite-facies rocks that are exposed within the Kuummiut Terrane of the Nagssugtoqidian Orogen. The garnet-pyroxenite has a dominant mineral assemblage of garnet, orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene and hornblende, while garnet-amphibolite and garnet-kyanite schist are made up of garnet, hornblende, plagioclase and quartz, and garnet, kyanite, biotite and quartz, respectively. Relicts of, and pseudomorphs after, eclogite-facies mineral assemblages are frequently found within basic metavolcanic rocks and Paleoproterozoic discordant basic dykes. In the retrogressed eclogite, the retrograde mineral reactions ceased prior to completion, resulting in the formation of two domains. A clinopyroxene domain consists of diopside-plagioclase symplectites, which are interpreted to have grown at the expense of omphacite. The symplectites are surrounded and partly replaced by hornblende and plagioclase. Omphacite (XJd 25–42) is preserved in a Na-rich sample, where it occurs in the core of large clinopyroxene and as inclusion in garnet and hornblende. In a garnet domain, garnet is variably replaced by an inner corona of plagioclase and an outer corona of amphibole +/− orthopyroxene and clinopyroxene. The degree of retrogression as well as the type of the retrograde assemblage in both domains appears to be dependent on fluid activity. Large garnet grains preserve Ca-rich cores, interpreted as prograde in origin, while Mg-rich garnet rims formed during eclogite-facies metamorphism and later re-equilibration. Pseudosection modelling combined with conventional geothermobarometry reveals a clockwise PT-evolution, involving eclogite-facies conditions of 17–19kbar and 740–810°C, followed by near-isothermal decompression to medium-pressure granulite-facies conditions (13.8–15.4kbar, 760–880°C) and subsequent decompression with minor cooling to high-pressure amphibolite-facies grades (8.8–10.9kbar, 660–840°C). These data show that rocks of the Kuummiut Terrane were exhumed from 70 to about 30km into the mid- and lower crust. The PT-path implies that exhumation initially was rapid and tectonically-controlled.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0024493717303833

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