4 years ago

Non-disclosure to male partners and incomplete PMTCT regimens associated with higher risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission: a national survey in Kenya

Grace C. John-Stewart, Benjamin Elly Odongo, Prisca Muange, Agnes Langat, Danvers Omolo, John Kinuthia, Abraham Katana, Keshet Ronen, Christine J. McGrath, Lucy Ng’anga’, Rose Wafula, Benson Singa

Health worker experience and community support may be higher in high HIV prevalence regions than low prevalence regions, leading to improved prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) programs. We evaluated 6-week and 9-month infant HIV transmission risk (TR) in a high prevalence region and nationally. Population-proportionate-to-size sampling was used to select 141 clinics in Kenya, and mobile teams surveyed mother-infant pairs attending 6-week and 9-month immunizations. HIV DNA testing was performed on HIV-exposed infants. Among 2521 mother-infant pairs surveyed nationally, 2423 (94.7%) reported HIV testing in pregnancy or prior diagnosis, of whom 200 (7.4%) were HIV-infected and 188 infants underwent HIV testing. TR was 8.8% (4.0%–18.3%) in 6-week and 8.9% (3.2%–22.2%) in 9-month cohorts including mothers with HIV diagnosed postpartum, of which 53% of infant infections were due to previously undiagnosed mothers. Of 276 HIV-exposed infants in the Nyanza survey, TR was 1.4% (0.4%–5.3%) at 6-week and 5.1% (2.5%–9.9%) at 9-months. Overall TR was lower in Nyanza, high HIV region, than nationally (3.3% vs. 7.2%, P = 0.02). HIV non-disclosure to male partners and incomplete ARVs were associated with TR in both surveys [aOR = 12.8 (3.0–54.3); aOR = 5.6 (1.2–27.4); aOR = 4.5 (1.0–20.0), aOR = 2.5, (0.8–8.4), respectively]. TR was lower in a high HIV prevalence region which had better ARV completion and partner HIV disclosure, possibly due to programmatic efficiencies or community/peer/partner support. Most 9-month infections were among infants of mothers without prior HIV diagnosis. Strategies to detect incident or undiagnosed maternal infections will be important to achieve PMTCT.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2017.1400642

DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2017.1400642

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.