4 years ago

TLR8 activation and inhibition by guanosine analogs in RNA: importance of functional groups and chain length

TLR8 activation and inhibition by guanosine analogs in RNA: importance of functional groups and chain length
Toll-like receptor 8 (TLR8) is an important component of the human innate immune system that recognizes single stranded RNA (ssRNA). Recent x-ray crystal structures of TLR8 bound to ssRNA revealed a previously unrecognized binding site for a 5’-UpG-3’ dinucleotide. Here we use an atomic mutagenesis strategy coupled with a cellular TLR8 activation assay to probe the importance of specific functional groups present on the guanine base in RNA-mediated receptor agonism and antagonism. Results from RNA analogs containing 7-deazaguanosine, 2-aminopurine and inosine confirm the importance of guanine N7, O6 and N2, respectively, in TLR8 activation. Nevertheless, these RNAs each retained TLR8 antagonism activity. RNA containing 7-deaza-8-azainosine (7d8aI) was prepared from a novel phosphoramidite and found to be a weaker TLR8 activator than guanosine-containing RNA. However, 7d8aI-containing RNA also retained TLR8 antagonism activity indicating that removal of multiple TLR8 H-bonding sites on guanine is insufficient for blocking TLR8 antagonism by guanine-containing RNA. We also identified an oligoribonucleotide length dependence on both TLR8 activation and antagonism. These studies extend our understanding of the effects of nucleobase modification on immune stimulation and will inform the design of novel RNA-based therapeutics.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0968089617319831

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.