5 years ago

Local angiotensin II promotes adipogenic differentiation of human adipose tissue mesenchymal stem cells through type 2 angiotensin receptor.

Pyotr A Tyurin-Kuzmin, Veronika Y Sysoeva, Natalia I Kalinina, Liudmila V Ageeva, Vsevolod A Tkachuk, Daniyar T Dyikanov, George V Sharonov
Obesity is often associated with high systemic and local activity of renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Mesenchymal stem cells of adipose tissue are the main source of adipocytes. The aim of this study was to clarify how local RAS could control adipose differentiation of human adipose tissue derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs). We examined the distribution of angiotensin receptor expressing cells in human adipose tissue and found that type 1 and type 2 receptors are co-expressed in its stromal compartment, which is known to contain mesenchymal stem cells. To study the expression of receptors specifically in ADSCs we have isolated them from adipose tissue. Up to 99% of cultured ADSCs expressed angiotensin II (AngII) receptor type 1 (AT1). Using the analysis of Ca(2+) mobilization in single cells we found that only 5.2±2.7% of ADSCs specifically respond to serial Ang II applications via AT1 receptor and expressed this receptor constantly. This AT1(const) ADSCs subpopulation exhibited increased adipose competency, which was triggered by endogenous AngII. Inhibitory and expression analyses showed that AT1(const) ADSCs highly co-express AngII type 2 receptor (AT2), which was responsible for increased adipose competency of this ADSC subpopulation.

Publisher URL: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2017.10.022

DOI: 10.1016/j.scr.2017.10.022

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