5 years ago

Sleep related respiratory events during non-invasive ventilation of patients with chronic hypoventilation

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used in the treatment of patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure (CRF). Residual sleep related respiratory events under NIV such as obstructive or central apnea/hypopnea (AH), or patient-ventilator asynchrony (PVA), may compromise treatment efficacy and/or comfort. Aims of study 1/to quantify the frequency and describe the types of both AH and PVA in a large group of stable patients with CRF during night-time NIV; 2/to analyze the influence of these events on overnight pulse oximetry and transcutaneous CO2 and 3/to assess interrater agreement in identifying and quantifying AH and PVA. Methods We quantified AH and PVA by performing sleep polygraphy in 67 patients during elective follow-up visits. Traces were scored by two trained physicians. Results Residual AH were frequent: 34% of the patients had an AH Index >5/hour, with obstructive hypopnea being the most frequent event. In addition, 21% of the patients had PVA >10% of total recording time. No correlation was found between respiratory events and overnight hypercapnia. The intraclass correlation coefficients for scoring AHI and time with PVA were 0.97 (0.94–0.98) and 0.85 (0.75–0.91) respectively. Conclusions Residual respiratory events are common in patients treated with long term NIV for chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure and can be scored with a very high interobserver agreement. However, these events were not associated with persistent nocturnal hypercapnia; thus, their clinical relevance has yet to be clarified.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0954611117303645

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