4 years ago

Clinical characteristics of patients with anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase antibody positive idiopathic interstitial pneumonia

Anti-aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (ARS) antibodies have been detected in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) and are especially correlated with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical features of patients with anti-ARS antibody positive idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs). Methods Patients were classified into three groups: 1) IIP with anti-ARS antibodies (ARS(+)IIP), 2) IIP without anti-ARS antibodies (ARS(−)IIP), and 3) PM/DM-associated ILD with anti-ARS antibodies (ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD). Clinical characteristics were compared retrospectively between the ARS(+)IIP group and the ARS(−)IIP group or ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD group. Results Eighteen ARS(+)IIP, 284 ARS(−)IIP, and 20 ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD patients were enrolled. The ARS(+)IIP group was significantly older and the male sex was predominant, had a lower prevalence of signs of connective tissue disease, differences in HRCT findings and patterns, and higher KL-6 levels compared to the ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD group. The findings in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) showing lymphocytosis and a lower CD4/CD8 ratio were similar between the two groups. However, the ARS(+)IIP group had significantly lower percentage of sputum, higher prevalence of mechanic's hand, higher KL-6 levels, lower percentage of vital capacity in the pulmonary function test, and lower CD4/CD8 ratio in BALF, compared to the ARS(−)IIP group. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that features of pulmonary involvement were similar to those in the ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD group; however, some differences including HRCT findings and higher KL-6 levels suggest that ARS(+)IIP has severe ILD compared with ARS(+)PM/DM-ILD. Further prospective studies with a larger number of patients will elucidate the exact role of anti-ARS antibodies in IIPs.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0954611117303591

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