4 years ago

Diffusion-compensated tofts model suggests contrast leakage through aneurysm wall

Yong Jeong, Timothy J. Carroll, Charles G. Cantrell, Parmede Vakil, Sameer A. Ansari
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the diffusional transport of contrast agent and its effects on kinetic modeling of dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE) images. Methods We performed simulations of our diffusion-compensated model and compared these results to human intracranial aneurysms (IAs). We derive an easy-to-use parameterization of diffusional effects that can provide an accurate estimate of diffusion corrected contrast agent leakage rates (ktrans). Finally, we performed re-ansalysis of an existing data set to determine whether diffusion-corrected kinetic parameters improve the identification of high-risk IAs, thereby providing a new MRI-based imaging metric of IA stability based on wall integrity. Results Probability distributions of simulated versus measured data show contrast leakage away from the aneurysm wall. Parameterization of diffusional effects on ktrans showed high correlation with long-chain methods in both surrounding tissue and near the aneurysm wall (r2 = 0.91 and r2 = 0.90, respectively). Finally, size, ktrans, and ( ktrans−kDCtrans) showed significant univariate relationships with rupture risk (P < 0.05). Conclusions We report the first evidence of diffusion-compensated permeability modeling in intracranial aneurysms and propose a parameterization of diffusional effects on ktrans. Furthermore, a comparison of measured versus simulated data suggests that contrast leakage occurs across the aneurysm wall. Magn Reson Med 78:2388–2398, 2017. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/mrm.26607

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