5 years ago

MRI-based transfer function determination for the assessment of implant safety

A.J.E. Raaijmakers, P.R. Luijten, C.A.T. Berg, J.P. Tokaya, J.F. Bakker
Purpose We introduce a new MR-based method to determine the transfer function (TF) for radiofrequency (RF) safety assessment of active implantable medical devices. Transfer functions are implant-specific measures that relate the incident tangential electric field on an (elongated) implant to a scattered electric field at its tip. The proposed method allows for TF determination with a high spatial resolution in relatively fast measurements without requiring dedicated bench setups from MRI images. Theory and Methods The principle of reciprocity is used in conjunction with the potential to measure currents with MRI to determine TF. Low-flip angle 3D dual gradient echo MRI data are acquired with an implant as transceive antenna, which requires minimal hardware adaptations. The implant-specific TF is determined from the acquired MRI data, with two different postprocessing methods for comparison. Results TFs of linear and helical implants can be determined accurately (with a Pearson correlation coefficient R ≥ 0.7 between measurements and simulations, and a difference in field at the tip ΔEtip ≤ 19%) from relatively quick (t < 20 minutes) MRI acquisitions with (several) millimeter spatial resolution. Conclusion Transfer function determination with MRI for RF safety assessment of implantable medical devices is possible. The proposed MR-based method allows for TF determination in more realistic exposure scenarios and solid media. Magn Reson Med 78:2449–2459, 2017. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/mrm.26613

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.