3 years ago

Mechanism of a No-Metal-Added Heterocycloisomerization of Alkynylcyclopropylhydrazones: Synthesis of Cycloheptane-Fused Aminopyrroles Facilitated by Copper Salts at Trace Loadings

Mechanism of a No-Metal-Added Heterocycloisomerization of Alkynylcyclopropylhydrazones: Synthesis of Cycloheptane-Fused Aminopyrroles Facilitated by Copper Salts at Trace Loadings
Richmond Sarpong, Ethan L. Fisher, Sidney M. Wilkerson-Hill, Diana Yu, Jason E. Hein, Dean J. Tantillo, Phillip P. Painter
A mechanistic study of a new heterocycloisomerization reaction that forms annulated aminopyrroles is presented. Density functional theory calculations and kinetic studies suggest the reaction is catalyzed by trace copper salts and that a Z- to E-hydrazone isomerization occurs through an enehydrazine intermediate before the rate-determining cyclization of the hydrazone onto the alkyne group. The aminopyrrole products are obtained in 36–93% isolated yield depending on the nature of the alkynyl substituent. A new automated sampling technique was developed to obtain robust mechanistic data.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jacs.7b06007

DOI: 10.1021/jacs.7b06007

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