4 years ago

Quality of life is significantly impaired in non-allergic rhinitis patients

Wytske J Fokkens, Artur Gevorgyan, Cornelis M van Drunen, Ingrid Terreehorst, Peter W. Hellings, Christine L Segboer
Background In contrast to the well-known significant impairment of quality of life (QoL) in allergic rhinitis (AR), the degree of impairment in QoL in non-allergic rhinitis (NAR) remained unknown for a long time, due to a lack of a validated questionnaire to assess QoL in the NAR patient group. In this study a validation for the mini-RQLQ questionnaire in NAR patients was performed, followed by an assessment of QoL in NAR patients compared to AR and healthy controls. Secondly, use of medication and treatment satisfaction in AR and NAR was assessed. Methods The study was an observational cohort study in 287 AR and 160 NAR patients. Patients with symptoms of rhinitis were recruited from a tertiary care outpatient clinic of the Otorhinolaryngology Department. AR was defined as one or more positive results on skin prick testing and clinically relevant symptoms of rhinitis related to their sensitization. NAR was defined as clinically relevant symptoms of rhinitis but without positive results on skin prick testing. The mini-RQLQ was successfully validated in this study for NAR patients. Results QoL in NAR patients was equally -and for some aspects even more- impaired compared to AR. More than half of both AR and NAR patients were unsatisfied with treatment. Conclusion These results demonstrate a significant impairment in both AR and NAR patients in their QoL combined with a low treatment satisfaction, emphasizing the need for adequate treatment, especially in the NAR patient group. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/all.13356

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