5 years ago

Complex Three-Dimensional Magnetic Ordering in Segmented Nanowire Arrays

Complex Three-Dimensional Magnetic Ordering in Segmented Nanowire Arrays
Kathryn L. Krycka, K. Sai Madhukar Reddy, Bethanie J. H. Stadler, Arturo Ponce, Eduardo Ortega, Julie A. Borchers, Elena V. Tartakovskaya, Alexander J. Grutter
A comprehensive three-dimensional picture of magnetic ordering in high-density arrays of segmented FeGa/Cu nanowires is experimentally realized through the application of polarized small-angle neutron scattering. The competing energetics of dipolar interactions, shape anisotropy, and Zeeman energy in concert stabilize a highly tunable spin structure that depends heavily on the applied field and sample geometry. Consequently, we observe ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic interactions both among wires and between segments within individual wires. The resulting magnetic structure for our nanowire sample in a low field is a fan with magnetization perpendicular to the wire axis that aligns nearly antiparallel from one segment to the next along the wire axis. Additionally, while the low-field interwire coupling is ferromagnetic, application of a field tips the moments toward the nanowire axis, resulting in highly frustrated antiferromagnetic stripe patterns in the hexagonal nanowire lattice. Theoretical calculations confirm these observations, providing insight into the competing interactions and resulting stability windows for a variety of ordered magnetic structures. These results provide a roadmap for designing high-density magnetic nanowire arrays for spintronic device applications.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03488

DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.7b03488

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