4 years ago

Experimental and Theoretical Study on Cation–π Interaction of the Potassium Cation with [2.2.2]Paracyclophane


By using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, it was proven experimentally that the univalent potassium cation (K+) forms with [2.2.2]paracyclophane (C24H24) the cationic cluster [K(C24H24)]+. Further, applying quantum chemical DFT calculations, the most probable structure of the [K(C24H24)]+ complex was derived. In the resulting complex with a symmetry very close to C 3, the “central” cation K+, fully located in the cavity of the parent [2.2.2]paracyclophane ligand, is coordinated to all three benzene rings of [2.2.2]paracyclophane via cation–π interaction. Finally, the interaction energy, E(int), of the considered cation–π complex [K(C24H24)]+ was found to be − 614.8 kJ mol−1, confirming the formation of this fascinating complex species as well. It means that the [2.2.2]paracyclophane ligand can be considered as an effective receptor for the potassium cation in the gas phase.

Graphical Abstract

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10876-017-1314-x

DOI: 10.1007/s10876-017-1314-x

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